Analysis of the relationship between baby and toys
Toys are tools for games, and games cannot be separated from toys.
The game is the nature of the baby, toys are the material decomposition of the game, the baby must play without toys.
Froebel, the world’s “father of early childhood education”, regards baby’s toys as “blessings” and has designed a series of toys specifically for baby’s development needs.
The famous Italian educator Montessori believes that: “The essence of children is work (activity), work is play, toys are materials for children’s work, and there are toys that do not fail their work; there are toys that can arouse children’s work interest, In order to focus on learning, and to help them construct and develop themselves.
The provision and application of toys are directly related to the effect of children’s learning.
“Mr. Lu Xun once said,” Games are children’s angels.
We must pay attention to children’s growth, we must pay attention to children’s play; to pay attention to children’s play, we must know the toys used by children.
In fact, if you look at the history of preschool education at home and abroad, you can clearly see that those who highlight preschool education must recognize the educational value of toys.
Contemporary preschool education research and practice also fully prove that toys have an irreplaceable role in promoting the development of baby’s cognitive ability.
Promoting perception and improving perception is the main way for babies to recognize external things and increase their knowledge.
In the middle of a child’s life, as the speech ability is relatively low, the information obtained by the baby is mainly image information obtained through perception, and toys with their vivid and exaggerated images, bright and bright colors stimulate the baby to use various senses to contact.
In the process of contacting with toys, the baby sees, hears, tastes, touches, and touches toys of different materials, which strengthens the sensory sensibility and observation ability and promotes the improvement of perception ability.
Parents should create a rich environment of toys for babies at home.
Toy preparation should take into account the toy’s color, size, shape and other characteristics, to prepare different colors for the baby, serious and obvious toys, the size of the toy should consider the baby’s height characteristics.
In addition, in the process of the baby’s contact with the toy, parents should strengthen the guidance of the baby’s perception ability, so that the baby can “jump” to pick apples.
If you can guide your baby to touch velvet, silk, plastic toys, let him talk about feelings.
Take a look, let him see the different colors of the toys, let him choose the toys that he likes to play, compare the shades of the colors of the toys, and let the baby have a preliminary awareness of the colors.
Every move allows him to feel the weight of the toy, and also allows him to lift balloons and big blocks, and talk about the heavier ones.
Promoting baby language development The toy itself is a tool for the baby’s expression and expression. Compared with the socially established language symbol system, the toy is a more convenient “language” for the baby.
The toy is a “wordless book”, which is more like a “syllabus” or an open “textbook”, leaving the learner with an autonomous restructuring of opposition, a space for imagination, and a desire for expression for the babyThe baby can express freely to create a suitable language environment.
Babies develop their own spoken language while playing with toys.
The exchange of toys, the exchange of gameplay, and the reset of language between babies make progress in the subtle way.
“Can I play with your trolley?
“Can I join you in the game of building blocks?”
“Can I trade my ducklings for your ducklings?”
“”let’s play together.
“I’m playing, I’ll play it for you later.”
“You can see the use of politeness in the conversation between the two babies. They used politeness so appropriately.
The baby will produce a lot of “muttering” phenomenon in the process of contact with the toy.
The production of these “talks to oneself” has a significant role in the development of baby language.
When my daughter was playing in the “Doll House”, she would pick up a rag doll, place it on a small stool, and smiled and said to her, “The doll is beautiful but not as good as Allison.
Allison wants to dress the doll as beautiful as Allison.
“Jia Jia began to put on the rag doll.
“Extend your legs, raise your hands, and just pull the clothes on. Mom said that and she was obedient, and the clothes were ready.
“In the process of dialogue, Jiajia can grind his language in a logical and logical way, and she also uses her mother’s language to dress her dolls.
The language of early babies fully demonstrated their verbal skills in a pretend identity, without having to worry about whether they were right or wrong.When Jiajia “speaks to herself,” she can pretend her mother’s voice, intonation, and movement when she is dressing herself.
She can think of it as her mother talking, not her own.
Toys can also promote the reorganization of baby’s written language. For example, in the “kitten fishing” set of toys, the symbols of these toys, such as “bait” and “fishing rod”, can give the baby a preliminary understanding of the meaning of the text.Toys, counting toys, etc., can directly train your baby’s understanding of written text.
In the process of playing various toys, the baby uses precise and specific language to change the language creatively with specific perception and action, thereby developing the cognition and understanding of the real world transformed by language.
Therefore, parents should make full use of toys to train their baby’s language skills.
Promoting the development of baby’s imagination. Toys have the universal characteristics of virtuality or symbolism, and are marked with “pretend”, which provides the baby with full freedom or space for imagination.
In the process of baby’s contact with toys, the phenomenon of replacing objects with people or objects often occurs, that is, using toys as real objects or people in real life.
Parents need to be “careful people” for toys, and think carefully about the use of toys to inspire the baby’s imagination.
Some time ago I found out that my daughter likes playing “light sticks” very much, so I organized a “magic light stick” family activity, and the participants were all daughter’s children.
The activity is mainly for everyone to say what is acceptable for the stick and perform the purpose of the light stick on the spot.
The daughter said, “You can be chalk.
The chalk is so long that the teacher does not need to change it.
“Ding Ding said,” You can be noodles.
So thick, the noodles can be much less.
“” Can also be a twig.
It is a small branch without leaves in winter.
“. I didn’t think of it before.